The plant accumulates alkylamides, polyacetylenes, coffee acid derivatives: 1.2-3.1% of chicoric acid (mostly present at the beginning of flowering), smaller amounts of methyl ester of chicoric acid. Also, essential oil – 0.08-0.32% (bornyl acetate, borneol, caryophyllene, germacrene D, caryophyllene epoxide, palmitic acid), polysaccharides, flavonoids (rutin, quercetin), minerals, vitamin C.
Studies have shown that echinacea increases the ability of white blood cells to deal with foreign microorganisms and increases the activity of T lymphocytes, which are necessary for the immune system and therefore purple coneflower is used in chronic inflammation, after antibiotic use, in metabolic disorders, its phenylpropanoids have antibacterial, antiviral effect, quinacine in echinacea prevents microbes from penetrating and destroying healthy cells and promotes the formation of fibroblasts, which are necessary for the formation of new healthy tissue, therefore, externally used echinacea preparations accelerate wound healing, reduce pain and swelling at the incisions, burns, echinacea does not help prevent colds, but with its preparations, the symptoms will be milder and the disease will last shorter.
Studies have shown that echinacea preparations stimulate the activity of cells that fight all infections. Echinacea forces human immune cells to fight bacteria, viruses and other pathological cells on their own. It also suppresses inflammatory processes, kills viruses, fungi and acts as a powerful antioxidant.
It is used in colds, flu, upper respiratory tract diseases, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat. By the way, this herb also helps to overcome various inflammatory skin diseases, lesions, infections such as psoriasis, eczema.